About Clean Nigeria

Short Background about ODF campaign

Nigeria ranks second among countries practicing open defecation globally. According to the findings from the 2018 WASH National Outcome Routine Mapping (WASH NORM), a national sample survey, which covered 36 states and the FCT, 47 million Nigerians (31.6m in rural and 11.6m in urban) practice open defecation.

Open defecation has an economic, social, and health impact on national development. About 122,000 Nigerians including 87,000 children under the age of five die each year from diarrhea and the country lose 1.3% of its GDP due to poor sanitation (World Bank 2012).

In November 2018, the Nigeria government declared a state of emergency on WASH Nigeria and launched an ODF campaign strategy to jump-start the country’s journey towards ending open defecation.

The Federal Ministry of Water Resources (FMWR) with support from UNICEF-Nigeria WASH, in partnership with inter-ministerial agencies, civil society partners, the private sector, and the people of Nigeria, is currently leading the “Clean Nigeria: Stop Open Defecation” campaign to end open defecation and achieve universal access to safely managed sanitation by 2025.

“Clean Nigeria: Stop Open Defecation” is one of the most ambitious behavior-change campaigns in Nigeria with a strong citizen/public engagement component. Leveraging on what is currently working (best practice) in the States with LGAs certified ODF, this campaign mode will create a national movement with elements of policy advocacy, public advocacy, grassroots mobilization, and private sector engagement.